Household surveys are usually carried out by government agencies to gather data regarding various household aspects. Household surveys cover a wide range of issues such as various health issues, employment data, literacy rate, death rate, birth rate , occurrence of certain diseases, socio-economic conditions etc. All the gathered data is used for yearly census of the particular data.
As household surveys are usually targeted towards a large group of people, and covers large areas, it is usually carried out manually. The area is segregated and personnel visit homes personally to acquire knowledge about the said issue. A household survey requires great amount of time and is done with utmost concentration as this collected data is used for the official use.
Household data may also be carried out by companies at target areas so as to gather knowledge that is necessary for the company product/service. Ideally a household survey should consider a few factors such as:
- Socio economic condition of the respondent
- Name, age, number of children, number of earning members, number of dependants etc.
- Ask relevant questions that are important for the service/product
- Avoid lengthy questionnaires
- Do not ask personal questions that could hurt the sentiments of the respondent
- Be considerate and show empathy
As household surveys are usually carried out for larger population, it requires a lot of time as well as patience. For a household survey to be successful, patience and tolerance is required. Even though the process is slow, household surveys furnish accurate data.